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  • Cholinga chokhazikika ndikukwaniritsa tsogolo ndi luso - Ndemanga ndi Chiyembekezo chamakampani opanga zida zapakhomo ku China mu 2021

    China Household Appliances Association

    Mu 2021, zovuta za mliri wa COVID-19 zidapitilira.Makampani opanga zida zamagetsi adakumana ndi zovuta zambiri, monga kusowa kwa msika wanyumba, kukwera kwamitengo yazinthu, kukwera mtengo kwazinthu zapadziko lonse lapansi, kutsekeka kwazinthu, komanso kuyamikira kwa renminbi.Komabe, makampani opanga zida zapanyumba ku China adathana ndi zovuta ndikupita patsogolo, kuwonetsa kulimba mtima kwachitukuko.Ndalama zomwe mabizinesi amapeza pachaka zidakula mwachangu, makamaka kuchuluka kwa zotumiza kunja kudaposa $100 biliyoni.Makampani opanga zida zapakhomo ku China amatsatira njira yachitukuko chapamwamba kwambiri ndipo akupita molimba ku cholinga chokhala "mtsogoleri wa zida zapadziko lonse lapansi zasayansi ndiukadaulo".

    Kukula kokhazikika pamavuto, motsogozedwa ndi magulu atsopano

    Kugwira ntchito kwamakampani opanga zida zapakhomo ku China mu 2021 kuli ndi mikhalidwe ingapo:

    1.Ndalama zamakampani zapeza kukula kofulumira.Ndalama zazikulu zamabizinesi ogulitsa zida zamagetsi m'nyumba mu 2021 zinali 1.73 thililiyoni yuan, kuwonjezeka kwa chaka ndi chaka ndi 15.5%, makamaka motsogozedwa ndi otsika nthawi yomweyo ya 2020 ndi kutumiza kunja.

    2.Kukula kwa phindu kunali kochepa kwambiri kuposa ndalama, ndi phindu la 121.8 biliyoni ya yuan, chaka ndi chaka kuwonjezeka kwa 4.5%.Zinthu zingapo monga zopangira zochulukira, kutumiza ndi kusinthanitsa zidakhudza kwambiri phindu labizinesi.

    3.Msika wapakhomo ndi wathyathyathya, ndipo kukula kwa msika wazinthu zachikhalidwe kumakhala kofooka, koma pali zowunikira zambiri, zomwe zimawonekera pakukweza kosalekeza kwa kapangidwe kazinthu komanso kutchuka kwa zida zapamwamba zapakhomo pamsika;Kuphatikiza apo, zowumitsira zovala, masitovu ophatikizika, otsuka mbale, ochapira pansi, maloboti akusesa pansi ndi magulu ena omwe akubwera akukwera mwachangu.

    4.Kutumiza kunja kukuchulukirachulukira.Ubwino wamakampani onse opanga zida zapanyumba ku China, komanso kuchuluka kwa kufunikira kwa maofesi apanyumba padziko lonse lapansi komanso kusintha kwa zinthu zaku China, zapangitsa kuti mabizinesi otumiza kunja azikhala odzaza.Zambiri zamasitomu zikuwonetsa kuti mu 2021, makampani opanga zida zapakhomo ku China adadumphira koyamba $ 100 biliyoni, kufikira $ 104.4 biliyoni, kuwonjezeka kwa chaka ndi 24,7%.

    Pitirizani kukakamiza katatu pasadakhale

    Mliri wapadziko lonse lapansi ukufalikirabe, ndipo zopambana zachitika bwino pakupewa ndi kuwongolera miliri yapakhomo, koma kufalikira kwapang'onopang'ono komanso pafupipafupi kumakhudzabe kusintha kwachuma kwapakhomo.Zovuta zitatu za kuchepa kwa kufunikira, kubweretsa kugwedezeka komanso kufooka kwa chiyembekezo zomwe zidanenedwa pamsonkhano wapakati pazachuma mu 2021 zilipo pamakampani opanga zida zam'nyumba.

    Kufuna kupanikizika kwapakati: kufunikira kwa msika wapakhomo ndi kofooka, ndipo pali kuwonjezeka kwa kubwezeretsa m'gawo loyamba la 2021. Kuyambira theka lachiwiri la chaka, kukula kwakula kwachepa kwambiri, ndipo kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zapakhomo mwachiwonekere kumakhala kovuta. .Malinga ndi deta ya Aowei, msika wogulitsa zida zapanyumba mu 2021 unali 760.3 biliyoni yuan, kuwonjezeka kwa chaka ndi 3.6%, koma kuchepa kwa 7.4% poyerekeza ndi 2019. Pakali pano, mliri wapakhomo wabwerezedwa kuchokera nthawi ndi nthawi, ndi kupewa ndi kulamulira walowa normalization, okhudza khalidwe ogula ndi chidaliro.

    Kupanikizika kwapang'onopang'ono: mliri wadzetsa kutsekeka kwa njira zogulitsira padziko lonse lapansi, kukwera mtengo kwa zinthu zopangira ndi kutumiza, kugwiritsa ntchito molimba kwa magetsi aku mafakitale, komanso kukhudzika kwa kuyamikira kwa RMB.Kukula kwa ndalama ndi phindu la mabizinesi ambiri opangira magetsi m'nyumba kwatsika, phindu latsitsidwanso, ndipo kukwera kwamitengo kwatsika kwatsika posachedwa.

    Zomwe zikuyembekezeredwa kufooka kwapang'onopang'ono: kuyambira gawo lachitatu la 2021, kukula kwachuma cham'nyumba, makamaka kukula kwazakudya, kwawonetsa zizindikiro zakuchepa.Panthawi imodzimodziyo, ndi kuchepa kwapang'onopang'ono kwachuma cha padziko lonse, kuchepa kwa kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka anthu.Mu 2022, patatha zaka ziwiri zakukulirakulira, kufunikira kwapadziko lonse lapansi sikudziwika.

    Kumayambiriro kwa 2022, zovuta za mliriwu zikadalipobe.Mliriwu kwa zaka ziwiri zotsatizana wakhudza kwambiri mafakitale ambiri.Kugwira ntchito kwa mabizinesi ambiri, makamaka mabizinesi ang'onoang'ono ndi apakatikati, ndizovuta, ndalama za anthu okhalamo zimakhudzidwa, mphamvu yogwiritsira ntchito imachepa, chidaliro cha ogwiritsa ntchito sichikwanira, ndipo kukakamizidwa kwa kufunikira kwa malonda pamsika wapanyumba kukadali kwakukulu.Ngakhale bungwe la World Health Organisation komanso akatswiri ena opewera miliri posachedwapa anena kuti ali ndi chiyembekezo chothetsa mliriwu mu 2022, pakadali kusatsimikizika ngati mliriwu utha posachedwa, ndipo makampani akuyenera kukhala okonzeka kuthana ndi zovuta zosiyanasiyana. .

    Pakutumizidwa kwa ntchito mu 2022, msonkhano wapakati pazachuma womwe udapangidwa kuti ukhazikike pakukhazikika kwa msika wachuma, pitilizani kuchita ntchito yabwino pantchito ya "kukhazikika kwachisanu ndi chimodzi" ndi "zitsimikizo zisanu ndi chimodzi", pitilizani kukhazikitsa misonkho yatsopano komanso kuchepetsa chindapusa pamitu yamsika, kukulitsa kusinthako m'malo ofunikira, kulimbikitsa mphamvu zamsika ndi mphamvu zoyendetsera chitukuko, ndikugwiritsa ntchito njira zogulira msika kuti zilimbikitse bizinesi yatsopano.Pofuna kukwaniritsa mzimu wa msonkhanowo, bungwe la National Development and Reform Commission posachedwapa lapereka chidziwitso chokhudza kuchita ntchito yabwino yolimbikitsa anthu kudya posachedwapa, kuthandiza mabizinesi monga zida zapakhomo ndi mipando kuti agwire ntchito “zochotsa zakale. ndi zatsopano” ndi “kulowetsa zakale ndi zosiyidwa”, kulimbikitsa kulengeza ndi kumasulira kwa moyo wautumiki wotetezeka wa zida zapakhomo, ndi kulimbikitsa kukonzanso kwanzeru kwa zida zapakhomo.Unduna wa zamafakitale ndiukadaulo wazidziwitso udapereka chitsogozo chokhudza kufulumizitsa ntchito yomanga makina amakono opanga zowunikira (Draft for comments), kulimbikitsa kutsogola kwaukadaulo, kukulitsa kwazinthu zatsopano, kusintha kwa digito ndikulimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito zida zobiriwira zapanyumba pazida zam'nyumba. makampani.Tikukhulupirira kuti ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa mfundo za "kufunafuna kupita patsogolo ndikusunga bata" pamsonkhano wapakati pazachuma, zovuta zitatuzi zikuyembekezeka kuthetsedwa mu 2022.

    Pachitukuko cha mafakitale mu 2022, tikuganiza kuti tiyenera kulabadira mfundo zitatu zotsatirazi.Choyamba, kuchokera pakukula kwachangu kwa zinthu monga makina ochapira pansi mu 2021, sikovuta kupeza kuti ngakhale pansi pazovuta zazikulu zotsika, kufunikira kwa msika komwe kumayendetsedwa ndi magulu atsopano ndi matekinoloje atsopano akadali amphamvu.Mabizinesi akuyenera kupitiliza kulimbikitsa luso laukadaulo, kuphunzira zomwe ogula amafuna komanso zopweteka zomwe amamwa, ndikuwonjezera mphamvu zatsopano nthawi zonse pakukula kwa mafakitale.Chachiwiri, mu 2021, zogulitsa kunja zidaposa $100 biliyoni ndipo zidakwera kwambiri kwa zaka ziwiri zotsatizana.Zikuyembekezeka kuti zikhala zovuta kupitiliza kugwira ntchito pamlingo wapamwamba mu 2022, ndipo kutsika kwapansi kudzakwera.Mabizinesi ayenera kukhala osamala kwambiri pamapangidwe awo.Chachitatu, tcherani khutu ku njira yatsopano yachitukuko yotsatsirana zolimbikitsana zapakhomo ndi zapadziko lonse lapansi.Kuchulukirachulukira kwa msika wa ogula m'nyumba m'zaka zaposachedwa kwapangitsa mabizinesi ena omwe amangoyang'ana kwambiri zogulitsa kunja kutembenukira kumsika wapanyumba.Komabe, ziyenera kudziwidwa kuti makampani opanga zida zapanyumba ku China apanga voliyumu yayikulu kwambiri pamsika wapadziko lonse lapansi mpaka pano.Kungoyang'ana pa msika umodzi sikungathe kukumana ndi chitukuko chokhazikika cha makampani.Panthawiyi, tiyenera kumvetsera kwambiri lingaliro lachitukuko cha kufalitsidwa kwapakhomo ndi kumayiko akunja.

    Chiyembekezo cha tsogolo lowala kudzera muzatsopano

    Sitiyenera kungokumana ndi zovuta ndi zovuta, komanso kulimbitsa chidaliro chathu.M'kupita kwanthawi, chuma cha China chikuyenda bwino, ndipo zoyambira zakusintha kwanthawi yayitali sizingasinthe.Munthawi ya "mapulani azaka zisanu za 14", kusintha kwatsopano kwa sayansi ndiukadaulo komanso kusintha kwa mafakitale kwachitika mozama.Ukadaulo watsopano udzalimbikitsa kusintha kwakukulu m'makampani opanga zinthu zakale, kufulumizitsa mayendedwe abizinesi, kuwonetsa mawonekedwe a stratification ndi makonda pamsika wa ogula, ndipo pali mwayi watsopano wopititsa patsogolo makampani opanga zida zapakhomo.

    1.Choyamba, luso la sayansi ndi luso laukadaulo lidzakulitsa mpikisano wamakampani opanga zida zakunyumba zaku China.Kupanga zatsopano zasayansi ndiukadaulo ndiyo njira yokhayo yopangira zida zapanyumba zaku China kuti zikwaniritse chitukuko chapamwamba.Makampani opanga zida zapanyumba ku China akuyesetsa kulimbikitsa kafukufuku woyambira ndi luso loyambirira, ndikupanga njira yatsopano yotengera msika wapadziko lonse lapansi ndi zosowa za ogwiritsa ntchito;Yesetsani kupititsa patsogolo luso laukadaulo wamafakitale, pangani zotsogola zamakina aukadaulo ndi matekinoloje ofunikira, ndikugonjetsa matekinoloje amfupi ndi "khosi".

    2.Chachiwiri, kumwa kumakhala kowoneka bwino, kwanzeru, komasuka komanso kwathanzi, ndipo magulu omwe akutuluka apitiliza kukwera.M'zaka zapakatikati ndi zazitali, kupititsa patsogolo kukwera kwa mizinda ku China, kupititsa patsogolo mfundo zachitukuko komanso kutchuka kwa chithandizo cha anthu monga penshoni ndi inshuwaransi yachipatala zidzathandizira kukula kwa anthu ku China.Pansi pazambiri pakukweza kwazakudya, zapamwamba kwambiri, zamunthu, zowoneka bwino, zomasuka, zanzeru, zathanzi ndi zina zomwe zikubwera ndi mayankho omwe amagwirizana bwino ndi zosowa za anthu ogawika kudzera muukadaulo wasayansi ndiukadaulo komanso kafukufuku wa ogula adzakula mwachangu ndikukhala mphamvu yayikulu yoyendetsa msika wa ogula.

    3.Chachitatu, kukulitsa kwapadziko lonse lapansi kwamakampani opanga zida zakunyumba ku China kukukumana ndi mwayi watsopano wachitukuko.Mliriwu komanso zovuta komanso zosinthika zamalonda zapadziko lonse lapansi zabweretsa kusatsimikizika kochuluka pachitukuko chachuma komanso zimakhudza momwe mafakitale akugwirira ntchito padziko lonse lapansi.Komabe, ndi kupititsa patsogolo luso laukadaulo lamakampani opanga zida zakunyumba zaku China, makina athunthu azinthu zamafakitale, ubwino wotsogola wakusintha kwanzeru ndi digito, komanso luntha logwiritsa ntchito podalira umisiri watsopano zithandizira kukulitsa mphamvu ya Zida zakunyumba zaku China zomwe zili pamsika wapadziko lonse lapansi.

    4.Chachinayi, makina opanga zida zam'nyumba adzasinthidwa kukhala wobiriwira komanso wocheperako.China yaphatikizira nsonga ya kaboni komanso kusasunthika kwa kaboni pakumangika kwachitukuko chachilengedwe.Pomwe akukumana ndi zomwe ogula amafuna, makampani opanga zida zapakhomo akuyenera kusinthiratu kukhala wobiriwira komanso wocheperako potengera kapangidwe ka mafakitale, kapangidwe kazinthu ndi ntchito.Kumbali imodzi, kudzera muukadaulo waukadaulo ndi kasamalidwe, kukonza njira zopangira zobiriwira ndikuzindikira kusungitsa mphamvu, kuchepetsa umuna ndi kuchepetsa mpweya munjira yonseyi;Kumbali inayi, kudzera muzopanga zatsopano, onjezerani zopangira zobiriwira komanso zotsika kaboni, kulimbikitsa lingaliro la kugwiritsa ntchito zobiriwira komanso zotsika kaboni, ndikuthandizira moyo wobiriwira komanso wopanda kaboni.

    5.Fifth, makampani opanga zida zapakhomo adzafulumizitsa kusintha kwa digito ndikupititsa patsogolo kuchuluka kwa kupanga mwanzeru.Kuphatikizika kozama ndi 5g, luntha lochita kupanga, data yayikulu, makompyuta am'mphepete ndi matekinoloje ena atsopano kuti akwaniritse bwino kasamalidwe, kachitidwe kabwino komanso kakhalidwe kabwino ndi chitukuko chamakampani opanga zida zapakhomo ndi chimodzi mwazolinga za "mapulani azaka zisanu" za 14th makampani.Pakadali pano, kukweza ndi kusinthika kwamakampani opanga zida zamagetsi m'nyumba kukupita patsogolo kwambiri.

    Poganizira za chitukuko cha makampani opanga zida zapakhomo ku China mu nthawi ya 14th Year Plan, bungwe la China Household Appliance Association linanena kuti cholinga cha chitukuko cha makampani opanga zida zapakhomo ku China pazaka 14 za mapulani azaka zisanu ndikulimbikitsa mosalekeza kupikisana kwapadziko lonse lapansi, luso ndi chikoka cha makampani, ndikukhala mtsogoleri wa dziko lonse lapansi zipangizo zamakono zamakono ndi zamakono zamakono pofika chaka cha 2025. Ngakhale pali zovuta zosiyanasiyana zosayembekezereka ndi zovuta, timakhulupirira motsimikiza kuti malinga ngati tili ndi chidaliro cholimba ndikutsata zatsopano zoyendetsedwa, kusintha ndi kusinthika. kukweza, tidzakwaniritsa zolinga zathu.

     

    China Household Appliances Association

    February 2022


    Nthawi yotumiza: Feb-17-2022